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LP 53/2020 South Korea’s ECA Regulation to be Effective from 1 September 2020

2020-06-28

In line with the IMO global sulphur cap (0.5%) and to reduce emissions from ships in its ports, the South Korea Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOF) has introduced the Special Act on Improving Air Quality in Port Areas, Etc., beginning on January 1st 2020 to limit ship sulphur emission and vessel speed.

I.    South Korea’s Emission Control Area (ECA)

1.   Effective date: September 1st, 2020

2.   ECAs:

Incheon area

Pyeongtaek & Dangjin area

Yeosu & Gwangyang area

Busan area

Ulsan area

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3.   Sulphur restrictions

-          Berthing: 1 hour after completion of berthing until 1 hour before de-berthing.

-          Anchoring: 1 hour after completion of anchoring until 1 hour before leaving anchor.

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4.   Recommendations

    1) Confirm with local agents or port authorities for detailed emission control requirements prior to arrival.

    2) Revisit bunkering strategies and fuel change-over procedures to ensure compliance with the new limits.

    3) Retain onboard bunker delivery notes (BDN) and representative samples for inspection.

    4) Keep a record of the date, time and position of ship’s arrival and departure in the port, and of the commencement and completion of fuel change-over operations or use of equivalent measures.

    5) Check the International Air Pollution Prevention (IAPP) Certificate/Record when using alternative measures.

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II.   Voluntary Ship Speed Reduction Incentive

The incentive, implemented as early as December 2019, applies to 5 major Korean ports, namely the ports of Busan, Ulsan, Yeosu-Gwangyang and Incheon. Each sea area will span 20 nautical miles in radius, measured from a specific lighthouse in each port. Ocean-going ships that are no smaller than 3,000 tons will enjoy port entry/leave fee discounts when they sail at a speed below certain levels (12 knots for container ship and car carrier; 10 knots for other ship types). The discount ceiling differs by each port – container ships, which enters port fast and can have huge effect on reducing fine dust, will enjoy up to 30% discount, while other ships will enjoy up to 15% discount.

For more information on the vessel speed reduction incentive and eligible ships, please refer to the MOF announcement through the following link:

http://www.mof.go.kr/eng/article/view.do?articleKey=28138&boardKey=41&menuKey=485&currentPageNo=1

Eligible Ship-Types

Recommended Speed (Knot)

Incheon Port

Yeosu, Gwangyang Port

Busan Port

Ulsan Port

Container Ship

12

12

12

12

Bulk Cargo Ship



12


General Cargo Ship

10

10

10


Crude Oil Carrier




10

Chemical Carrier




10

LNG Carrier




10

Car Carrier

10

10



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III.ECAs set by other countries and regions

A number of regions, states and ports around the world have implemented their own strict sulphur emission limits – and the list of such places is likely to grow in the future. Ship operators must therefore ensure crews are familiar with the sulphur emission limits in force in the jurisdiction to which they trade. Crews should also be provided with clear procedures and guidance to this effect. Here’s a summary of ECAs where maximum 0.1% sulphur fuel is required.

Country (Region)

ECA and Sulphur limits

Read More

IMO

Ships entering the North America, US Caribbean, North Sea and Baltic ECAs shall use max 0.1% 

sulphur fuel or alternative measures.

http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/Environment/PollutionPrevention/AirPollution/Pages/Sulphur-oxides-(SOx)-%E2%80%93-Regulation-14.aspx

China

From 1 January 2020, 0.1% sulphur limit within 

the inland ECAs, the Yangtze River and Xi Jiang 

River.

From 1 January 2022, the limit will also apply with-in the Hainan Coastal ECA.

http://xxgk.mot.gov.cn/jigou/haishi/201812/t20181220_3146515.html

 

EU

From 1 January 2010, ships at berth in EU ports 

for over 2hrs must use max 0.1% fuel from 1 hour after completion of berthing until 1 hour before   

de-berthing.

http://www.emsa.europa.eu/main/air-pollution/sulphur-directive.html

 

California,   USA

From 1 January 2014, ships operating within 24 

NM of California’s coastline are subject to a 

sulphur limit of 0.1%. The fuel shall also meet 

the specifications for MGO or MDO and compliance via scrubbers are not permitted.

https://ww3.arb.ca.gov/ports/marinevess/ogv.htm

 

Turkey

All ships are required to use marine fuels with a 

sulphur content not exceeding 0.10% while at berth in Turkish ports or operating on Turkish inland   waterways. The requirement does not, however, 

apply to ships transiting the Turkish Straits.

https://www.bimco.org/en/Operations/Ports/Turkey/Mersin/Port_information/~/media/BCB75D5C7FA14C7A994167E7F3AB46F8.ashx

Australia

From 1 October 2015, cruise vessels at berth in 

Sydney cruise terminal must use max 0.1% 

sulphur fuel from 1 hour after completion of 

berthing until 1 hour before de-berthing.

https://www.amsa.gov.au/about/regulations-and-standards/62018-limitation-sulphur-emissions-cruise-vessels-while-berth-sydney

Iceland

From 1 January 2020, ships entering Iceland’s 

territorial sea (12nm from its   coastline) and 

internal waters shall use max 0.1% sulphur fuel.

https://www.government.is/news/article/?newsid=05452daa-183d-11ea-944f-005056bc530c

Norway

From 1 March 2019, the North Sea ECA 0.10% 

sulphur limit was extended to include the entire 

Norwegian world heritage fjord area, including the Nærøyfjord, Aurlandsfjord, Geirangerfjord, 

Sunnylvsfjord and Tafjord in Western Norway.

https://www.sdir.no/en/shipping/legislation/directives/amendments-to-the-regulations-on-environmental-safety-for-ships-and-mobile-offshore-units/

 For further consultation, please contact your manager at the Club.


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