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LP 011/2017 Asian Gypsy Moth – it’s that time of the year again

2017-03-09

Asian Gypsy Moth – it’s that time of the year again

Spring marks the beginning of the Asian Gypsy Moth (AGM) risk period in many countries. Heightened vessel surveillance for AGM commenced on 9 January 2017 in Australian ports while 1 March 2017 marks the start of the period identified as the “AGM risk period” in Western Canadian ports.

AGM is an exotic pest with established populations only in countries in the Asia Pacific, such as Russia, China, Korea, and Japan. If introduced in countries where it does not exist naturally, it has the potential to seriously affect the country’s agricultural and forest resources. Adult moths frequently lay their egg masses on vessels and shipping containers, and since these egg clusters often survive to hatch at ports of call around the world, exclusion efforts are considered a priority by many local port authorities.

Countries currently known to regulate and inspect arriving vessels for AGM are: the United States (US)CanadaChileAustralia and New Zealand. However, even if these countries agree on the objectives of AGM regulation, there are still differences in the requirements and port-of-entry processes between the countries.

Information for the 2017 AGM season

Gard’s “Frequently asked questions - managing Asian Gypsy Moth risks” was updated on 24 February 2017 and, in addition to providing answers to some of the questions raised by our Members and clients, it summarises the requirements set forth by each of the regulating countries and provides links to relevant government websites. The following should be noted:

Recommendations

Members and clients with vessels calling ports in East Russia, Japan, Korea, and Northern China are advised to remind their Masters of the approaching AGM flight seasons. The importance of arriving in regulating countries free of AGM and of providing port officials with the required AGM documentation prior to arrival should be emphasised and instructions for proper AGM self-inspections en route should be made available onboard.


United States (US)

The AGM programme is managed by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS,www.aphis.usda.gov).

US’ definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods

Regulated areas include ports in East Russia, Japan, Korea and Northern China and the US base their AGM policy on the following specified risk periods:

 
REGULATED AREA


SPECIFIED RISK PERIOD

East Russia 
Nakhodka, Ol’ga, Plastun, Pos'yet, Russkiy Island, Slavyanka, Vanino, Vladivostok, Vostochny, Zarubino, Kozmino

1 Jul - 30 Sep

People’s Republich of China 
All ports north of 31°15´N latitude

1 Jun - 30 Sep

Republic of Korea 
All ports

1 Jun - 30 Sep

Northern Japan 
Aomori, Fukushima, Hokkaido, Iwate, Miyagi, Perfectures

1 Jul - 30 Sep

Western Japan 
Akita, Ishikawa, Niigata, Toyama, Yamagata Perfectures

25 Jun - 15 Sep

Eastern Japan 
Aichi, Chiba, Fukui, Ibaraki, Kanagawa, Mie, Shizuoka, Tokyo Perfectures

20 Jun - 20 Aug

Southern Japan 
Ehime, Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Hyogo, Kagawa, Kagoshima, Kochi, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Oita, Okayama, Osaka, Saga, Shimane, Tokushima, Tottori Wakayama, Yamaguchi Perfectures

1 Jun - 10 Aug

Far Southern Japan 
Okinawa Perfecture

25 May - 30 Jun


US entry requirements

Vessels that, in the past 24 months, has visited one of the risk areas during the specified risk period must:

Vessels arriving without the required certificates will be inspected for AGM and are likely to encounter significant delays in cargo operations as well as in routine clearance.

Inspection periods in US ports

Vessels that, in the past 24 months, have visited one of the regulated areas during the specified risk period must:

Inspections in US ports

We are not aware that any specific heightened surveillance periods are specified for US ports. Although climatic periods conducive to sustain AGM lifecycles are likely to occur from March through September in Northern US ports, such conditions may exist all year round in Southern US ports. It is therefore the local climatic conditions at a given US port at the time of entry as well as a vessel’s itinerary and certification that determines its level of risk. The following enforcement actions can be expected:

Available information from APHIS

Relevant information includes a separate Gypsy Moth web page, found under the Plant Pests and Diseases Programs. This page provides links to a number of useful publications such as the Asian Gypsy Moth factsheet as well as to their relevant inspection requirements, outlined in the Special Procedures for Ships Arriving from Areas with Asian Gypsy Moth (AGM). APHIS has also produced aGypsy Moth Inspectional Pocket Guide which provides helpful instructions to the crew responsible for performing self-assessments, e.g. what the egg masses look like, where they might be found on vessels, and how the eggs should be removed.


Canada

The AGM programme is managed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA,www.inspection.gc.ca).

Canada’s definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods

CIFA and the US APHIS are working together to manage AGM risks at origin and the Canadian requirements are aligned with the requirements enforced in US ports. Hence, Canada’s definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods are equivalent to those of the US listed above. In addition, CIFA has published a policy clarification stating that the country’s AGM policy does not exempt bunkering locations, including those at anchorage sites, located in the defined regulated areas.

Canadian entry requirements

As for entry to US ports, vessels that, in the past 24 months, has visited one of the regulated areas during the specified risk period must:

Inspections in Canadian ports

CIFA states that the AGM risk period for Canada begins on 1 March in Western Canadian ports and on 15  March in Eastern Canadian ports and ends on 15 September for all Canadian ports. During these periods, vessels arriving without the required certificates may be refused entry into Canada unless an inspection by the CFIA at a designated offshore inspection site is conducted, and the inspector is satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated. If an inspector is not satisfied that the risk of introducing AGM has been mitigated, the vessel will be ordered out of Canadian waters and may be refused entry for up to two years. Outside the AGM high risk periods for Canada, vessels classified as high risk of AGM are likely to be allowed to berth without interruption, subject to inspections at the discretion of the CIFA.

Available information from CIFA

Relevant information includes a separate AGM web page, found under the Plant Protection Program. This page provides links to a number of useful publications such as the Pest Factsheet as well as to their relevant inspection requirements, which are outlined in Policy Directive D-95-03 “Plant protection policy for marine vessels arriving in Canada from areas regulated for Asian Gypsy Moth”. Associated guidance documents clarifying CIFA’s certification requirements and critical response planto prevent the incursion of AGM via marine vessels are also available. In addition, CFIA has produced an Inspect Before Entry Guide which provides helpful instructions to the crew responsible for performing self-assessments. The guide can also be printed as a poster that can be displayed onboard the vessel.



Chile

The AGM programme is managed by the Chilean Agriculture and Livestock Service (Servicio Agricola y Ganadero (SAG), www.sag.cl).

Chile’s definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods

SAG’s regulations concerning entry of vessels from areas with presence of AGM (Exempt Resolution No.: 4412/2013) entered into force in February 2014. Regulated areas include ports in Russia, Japan, Korea and China between 60°N and 20°N latitude and Chile base their AGM policy on the following definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods: 


REGULATED AREA (PORTS LOCATED BETWEEN 60°N AND 20°N LATITUDE)


SPECIFIED RISK PERIOD

East Russia

1 Jul - 30 Sep

South Korea

1 Jun - 30 Sep

North Korea

1 Jun – 30 Sep

China

1 Jun - 30 Sep

Northern Japan Aomori, Fukushima, Hokkaido, Iwate, Miyagi, Perfectures

1 Jul - 30 Sep

Western Japan Akita, Ishikawa, Niigata, Toyama, Yamagata Perfectures

25 Jun - 15 Sep

Eastern Japan Aichi, Chiba, Fukui, Ibaraki, Kanagawa, Mie, Shizuoka, Tokyo Perfectures

20 Jun - 20 Aug

Southern Japan Ehime, Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Hyogo, Kagawa, Kagoshima, Kochi, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Oita, Okayama, Osaka, Saga, Shimane, Tokushima, Tottori, Wakayama, Yamaguchi Perfectures

1 Jun - 10 Aug

Far Southern Japan Okinawa Perfecture

25 May - 30 Jun


Chilean entry requirements

Vessels that, in the past 24 months, were in one of the regulated areas during the specified risk period must:

Inspections in Chilean ports

We are not aware that any specific heightened surveillance periods are specified for Chilean ports. Vessels arriving without the required certificates will be subject to inspections – the extent and location of the inspection will be determined based on an assessment of a vessel’s overall AGM risk. Such inspection must take place in daylight and free pratique may not be granted until the inspection has been completed.

It should also be noted that SAG may enforce a similar deck and cargo inspection regime for vessels arriving from Ecuador in an effort to prevent an infestation by brown moths (Thyrinteina Arnobia) in Chile, see our Gard Alert of 24 June 2016.

Available information from SAG

Exempt Resolution No.:4412/2013: “Establece requisitos fitosanitarios para el ingreso de naves provenientes de áreas con presencia de polilla gitana raza asiática (pgra) lymantria dispar asiática vnukovskij y lymantria dispar japónica (motschulsky) (lepidoptera, lymantriidae)” can be found here:

in Spanish: Res. No.4412/2013 as revised by Res. No.8870/2015
in English (free translations): Res. No. 4412/2013 as revised by Res. No.8870/2015


Australia

The AGM programme is managed by the Australian Department of Agriculture and Water Resources (DAFF, www.agriculture.gov.au).

Australia’s definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods

The regulated areas include ports in Russia only and Australia base their AGM policy on the following definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods: 


RISK AREA


SPECIFIED RISK PERIOD

East Russia All ports between 40°N, 60°N and west of 147°E

1 Jul - 30 Sep


Australian entry requirements

Australia has no formal requirements for vessels to be certified free of AGM. However, as part of the Australian Maritime Arrivals Reporting System (MARS) and the required Pre-Arrival Report (PAR), vessels are required to:

Inspections in Australian ports

DAFF states that the heightened surveillance period for Australian ports is between January and May each year. Vessels classified as high risk of AGM will be assessed by DAFF to determine the need for AGM inspection on arrival and will be notified if a targeted AGM inspection is required as part of their first port arrival formalities.

Available information from DAFF

Relevant information includes an AGM Factsheet, found under their information on high risk cargo pests that shall be considered before importing goods to Australia. Access to the Maritime Arrivals Reporting System (MARS), containing Pre-Arrival Report forms, user guides and frequently asked questions, is available via DAFF’s Biosecurity > Vessels portal. Changes to the targeted AGM inspection program are usually announced through their Import Industry Advice Notices. The vessel assessment and inspection arrangement for 2017 was announced in Notice No.121-2016.


New Zealand

The AGM programme is managed by the Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI, www.mpi.govt.nz).

New Zealand’s definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods

Regulated areas include ports in East Russia, Japan, Korea and Northern China and New Zealand base their AGM policy on the following definition of regulated areas and specified risk periods:


REGULATED AREA


SPECIFIED RISK PERIOD

East Russia 
South of 60° north and west of 147° longitude (excluding those ports on the Kamchatka Peninsula)

1 Jul - 30 Sep

China 
North of latitude of 32°N

1 Jul - 30 Sep

Republic of Korea 
All ports

1 Jun - 30 Sep

Northern Japan 
Hokkaido, Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima

1 Jul - 30 Sep

Western Japan 
Akita, Yamagata, Niigata, Toyama, Ishikawa

25 Jun - 15 Sep

Eastern Japan 
Fukui, Ibaraki, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie

20 Jun - 20 Aug

Southern Japan 
Wakayama, Osaka, Kyoto, Hyogo, Tottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi, Kagawa, Tokushima, Ehime, Kochi, Fukuoka, Oita, Saga, Nagasaki, Miyazaki, Kumamoto, Kagoshima

1 Jun - 10 Aug

Far Southern Japan 
Okinawa

25 May - 30 Jun


New Zealand entry requirements

Vessels that, in the past 12 months, were in one of the regulated areas during the specified risk period must:

Inspections in New Zealand ports

We are not aware that any specific heightened surveillance periods are specified for New Zealand ports. Vessels arriving without the required certificates will be subject to inspection at a specific port as determined by the MPI or potentially four nautical miles offshore at an agreed location if the risk is very high.

Available information from the MPI

Relevant information includes an AGM web page and the brochure ”Don't bring hitchhikers to New Zealand on your commercial vessel” found under the Hitchhiker Pests website. The page Vessel arrival process steps provides an overview of all requirements applicable to vessels arriving in New Zealand.


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